Alopecia areata treatment

Alopecia areata treatment

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease that can cause severe alopecia areata that is difficult to treat. That makes the patient feel less confident about their appearance and increases stress. Patchy alopecia areata can have many different causes. Identifying the underlying cause will help you choose the best treatment method.

When is alopecia areata considered pathological?

If you do not know when you have pathological hair loss, some of the following symptoms will help you recognize this:

– Shedding more than 100 hairs per day and the obvious manifestation is when washing or combing hair, the hair loss clings to the comb more than usual.

– It falls off for a long time but does not regrow.

– Clusters of hair loss both wet and dry.

– Sparse hair is visible on the scalp in women and patchy hair loss in men.

– The ingrown hairs are weak, thin, curly, or there is no hair growth at all.

What are the causes of alopecia areata?

Alopecia areata is caused by an abnormality in the immune system. This particular abnormality leads to autoimmunity, a condition in which the immune system’s malfunctioning tends to attack its own body.

As a result, the immune system attacks specific tissues of the body. In unexplained alopecia areata, the body’s immune system attacks the hair follicles and disrupts normal hair morphology.

Alopecia areata is sometimes associated with other autoimmune conditions such as thyroid disease, vitiligo, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcerative colitis.

In addition, stress is also classified as one of the causes of alopecia areata. Sometimes, alopecia areata occurs in many family members, due to genetic factors.

How to treat alopecia areata?

Currently, the most common treatment for alopecia areata is a corticosteroid injection into the scalp or skin. Besides, drugs such as Minoxidil used with corticosteroids or anthralin ointment are also used in the treatment of alopecia areata.

However, these drugs can leave many unwanted side effects during treatment.

Therefore, many experts emphasize that to revive hair, it is necessary to protect and promote hair germ cells to grow according to the tripod mechanism, including balancing male/female neuroendocrine, providing adequate nutrition substances, and limiting harmful factors on the hair.

For older people or long-term baldness, it takes more time for the hair to recover, so it is necessary to persevere with the full course of treatment, combined with positive lifestyle adjustments such as reducing stress, getting enough sleep, limiting smoking, etc. alcohol … to bring the best effect of reducing hair loss, preventing baldness.

What to eat if you have alopecia areata?

People with alopecia areata should limit their intake of stimulant foods, high-sugar foods, and fast foods because they can increase inflammation and irritation in the body, making hair loss worse, and more serious. 

Instead, you should follow a healthy diet that helps calm inflammation with ingredients rich in green vegetables and fruits, and varieties like blueberries, nuts, broccoli, radishes, and apples. , oranges, tangerines, etc.

In addition to maintaining a healthy life, combining exercise and sports, and not staying up too late are also good habits that you should maintain.

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